Oxford Fabric: What You Need to Know

When purchasing shirts, you are likely to encounter Oxford shirts that provide both comfort and durability when worn. So, what exactly is Oxford fabric? Is it connected to Oxford University? Congratulations! This article will provide you with the answers.

What is Oxford Fabric?

Oxford fabric is a type of woven textile. It boasts an aesthetically pleasing appearance and offers numerous advantages such as softness, resistance to wear, and excellent stretchability. It enjoys wide popularity in the textile industry and excels in applications like shirts, dresses, bags, and various decorative items.

There is a commonly heard and seemingly plausible explanation for the origin of Oxford fabric. In 1900, independent-minded students at Oxford University developed a glossy and comfortable fabric, which they named Oxford fabric.

However, the actual origin of Oxford fabric may not be as captivating as the rumors suggest. During the 19th century, a Scottish textile company introduced four new fabrics, naming them after four prestigious universities. 

Subsequently, the shirt style crafted from Oxford fabric challenged the traditional conservative shirts, gaining favor among forward-thinking students at Oxford University. It gradually evolved into the school uniform of Oxford University and was later utilized for making sportswear for polo players or golfers. Unfortunately, the other three fabrics didn’t fare as well and quickly faced discontinuation due to their lack of popularity.

With its avant-garde and casual style, textured surface, comfort, and long lifespan, Oxford fabric has become a global sensation, appealing to people’s aesthetic preferences. Today, it remains a highly sought-after fabric in today’s textile market.

What is Oxford Fabric Made of?

Nowadays, Oxford fabric can be crafted from various materials, including cotton, polyester, viscose, nylon, or a blend of two materials. However, the original Oxford cloth was purely made of cotton and belonged to the category of combed cotton fabric. As synthetic fibers emerged later on, polyester Oxford fabric and Oxford cotton fabric became two prevalent types commonly found in the market.

What is Oxford Cotton Fabric?

Oxford cotton is a specific type of Oxford fabric produced using pure cotton as its raw material. Its most notable characteristics are its softness, breathability, and natural feel. Thanks to the exceptional moisture absorption capability of cotton fibers, Oxford cotton fabric has become a favored choice for clothing manufacturing. You can incorporate it into various clothing combinations such as Oxford shirts, Oxford dresses, and more, ensuring an excellent level of comfort.

What is Polyester Oxford Fabric?

Polyester Oxford fabric is manufactured using synthetic polyester fibers. Synthetic fibers themselves possess remarkable durability and wrinkle resistance. So polyester Oxford fabric takes it even further with enhanced wear resistance. As a result, it serves as an ideal material for producing outdoor gear. Your backpack, suitcase, and other strength items are predominantly composed of polyester Oxford fabric. 

The Weaving Technique of Oxford Fabric

Oxford fabric achieves its distinct shine and clear texture through a unique weaving process. This particular weaving technique stems from a plain weave known as “basket weave.” This process interlaces multiple sets of yarn. It evenly distributes them in both the warp and weft directions, resulting in overlapping square patterns. These can evoke thoughts of a chessboard or a skillfully woven basket.

The yarn utilized in weaving Oxford fabric generally appears in pairs, enhancing the fabric’s texture. Simply touching it, you can feel the textured characteristics of its surface. The tight weaving of the yarn enhances the fabric’s durability. So it is particularly well-suited for applications that prioritize strength and resilience.

What are the Different Types of Oxford Fabric?

Plain Oxford fabric

Plain Oxford fabric showcases a simple and timeless basket weave texture, providing it with enhanced durability and a clean, tidy appearance. Its unique weaving method prevents wrinkles, and its sleek design effortlessly highlights its beauty. Using it to create shirts and other everyday clothing offers a perfect balance of strength and breathability.

Pinpoint Oxford Fabric

Pinpoint Oxford fabric refines the plain Oxford fabric even further, taking it to the next level. Woven with finer yarn and tight weave, it results in a smoother surface. While still employing the basket weave technique, it offers a stronger visual appeal compared to plain Oxford fabric. The subtle texture and increased weaving density make it ideal for formal occasions.

Royal Oxford Fabric

If you are seeking a sophisticated style and high-quality Oxford fabric, Royal Oxford fabric is the perfect choice. Its weaving utilizes even finer yarn compared to the other two types of Oxford fabric, making it the smoothest and softest among them. The basketweave technique enhances its luxurious aesthetic, with a more pronounced texture. Crafting upscale attire with this fabric is sure to make a dazzling impression.

What is the Meaning of  “D” in Oxford Fabric?

After familiarizing yourself with the various types of Oxford fabric, you may encounter another question “ What is 210D / 300D / 420D / 600D Oxford fabric?” 

The “D” stands for “Denier,” which indicates the linear mass density of the fibers. A higher denier value signifies a thicker and more durable fabric. These types of Oxford fabric can be enhanced with waterproofing by adding a PU coating, making them even more durable and practical.

Oxford Fabrics in Different Specifications 

210D 300D 420D 600D
Features Light and flexible Heavier, stronger, flexible  More durable and robust Heaviest, strongest, most durable
Applications Lightweight bags, backpacks, linings Daypacks, backpacks, medium-duty bags Duffel bags, heavier-duty backpacks, outdoor equipment Heavy-duty backpacks, luggage, camping gear


What are the Characteristics of Oxford Fabric?

  • Texture: The distinct basket weave pattern on the surface of Oxford fabric adds an element of interest and uniqueness to the fabric, enhancing the tactile experience.
  • Durability: Using paired yarns, weaving techniques, and fabric structure during the weaving process gives Oxford fabric greater strength and increased resistance to wear and tear.
  • Breathability: The weaving technique allows for effective air circulation, promoting breathability and facilitating quick evaporation of sweat.
  • Easy care: Oxford fabric is capable of withstanding daily wear and tear while being easy to care for. Even after multiple washes, it maintains its original shape and texture.
  • Versatility: The strength and elasticity of Oxford fabric make it suitable for a wide range of applications and settings. Furthermore, post-treatments can enhance its performance,  further expanding its versatility.

What is Oxford Fabric Used for?

Surrounding you are countless products made from Oxford fabric, which can serve as a source of inspiration for your next project. If you’re interested in trying out Oxford fabric, you can explore a range of related products.

Oxford fabric shirts are a wardrobe essential for men, often owned in multiple pieces. However, blouses, dresses, and other garments are also highly sought after. They exude a noble and elegant aura, ensuring an extended lifespan and a comfortable and breathable wearing experience.

Surprisingly, Oxford fabric can also be utilized in shoe production, including sports shoes, casual shoes, and hiking boots. The durable and wear-resistant nature of Oxford fabric enhances the value of these footwear options. Its exceptional moisture-wicking and breathability properties ensure your comfort even during prolonged physical activity.

The high strength, durability, and versatility of Oxford fabric make it an ideal choice for bags, backpacks, luggage, and various outdoor equipment. These items can withstand heavy loads and adverse environmental conditions, guaranteeing uninterrupted use in your daily life.

The applications of Oxford fabric extend beyond the aforementioned examples. It can be used to create various accessories such as hats, wallets, and belts. Additionally, it proves suitable for household textiles, including curtains, tablecloths, and more. Oxford fabric can withstand everyday wear and tear while adding a touch of contemporary style to your surroundings.

Maintaining Oxford Fabric

  1. Please follow the provided washing and care instructions.
  2. Machine wash using a gentle cycle.
  3. Avoid the use of bleach or harsh chemicals.
  4. Air dry or tumble dry on low heat.
  5. Iron at a medium to low temperature.


Is Oxford a good fabric?

Oxford fabric is renowned for its durability, comfort, and breathability. It is not only a timeless option but also incredibly versatile, suitable for creating clothing, outdoor equipment, backpacks, accessories, and more. As a result, Oxford fabric is a rare good fabric.

Is Oxford fabric eco-friendly?

The environmental friendliness of Oxford fabric depends on the materials used in its production. If it is made from organic or sustainably sourced cotton, it can be considered environmentally friendly. However, if the fabric is composed of synthetic fibers such as polyester or nylon, both the manufacturing and disposal can have negative environmental impacts.

Is Oxford fabric waterproof?

Oxford fabric can be made waterproof through a specific treatment process. By applying a polyurethane (PU) coating during manufacturing, it can effectively repel water. Many outdoor essentials like jackets, tents, and backpacks often utilize PU-coated Oxford fabric.

What is the difference between Oxford and cotton?

Cotton is a natural fiber used in manufacturing Oxford fabric. Oxford fabric exhibits a unique texture and finds application in various scenarios, providing practicality and comfort in everyday and outdoor settings. In contrast, cotton fabric excels in breathability and moisture-wicking properties. It is more commonly employed in everyday items like clothing and less in outdoor equipment.

Is Oxford fabric the same as polyester?

No, they are distinct from each other. Oxford fabric is a woven fabric that can be made from different materials, including polyester. Polyester is a synthetic fiber used in fabric production. While both Oxford fabric and polyester fabric share characteristics such as wrinkle resistance and durability. Oxford fabric outperforms polyester in terms of texture and breathability.


Oxford fabric is a fabric with boundless potential, eagerly awaiting your imagination and design skills. Whether you are a designer, fashion enthusiast, DIY aficionado, or simply someone intrigued by Oxford fabric, its distinctive qualities and versatility are certain to leave a lasting impression.

More Resources:

What is Organic Cotton – Source: Sinosilk 

What is Jacquard Fabric – Source: Sinosilk 

What is Poplin Fabric – Source: Sinosilk

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