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What is Silk Twill? – The Comprehensive Guide

As a professional silk fabric supplier, we have observed significant interest among many customers in silk twill. However, we’ve observed that many customers express interest and may not possess a deep understanding of this particular fabric type. Are you interested in becoming an expert in silk twill fabric? Today presents a valuable opportunity for you!

What is Silk Twill?

Silk twill is a distinctive type of silk fabric that stands out among the varieties available. Its distinguishing feature is easily identifiable by its visible diagonal or twill weave texture. The direction of the texture holds a secret: twill slanting to the upper right is typically considered the front, while twill slanting to the upper left is the back.

Twill silk fabrics possess the inherent qualities that make silk so desirable—luxurious, smooth, and soft—while the diagonal weave provides them with a more robust structure compared to regular silk. This enhances their durability and practicality.

The unique texture of silk twill breaks away from the typical lustrous appearance associated with silk, presenting a more understated and restrained look. It strikes a perfect balance between structure and fluidity, allowing it to exude both graceful elegance and formal sophistication. Therefore, you can experiment with various styles and meet your needs for different occasions using silk twill.

What is the Alias for Silk Twill?

Due to the extensive history of silk, woven fabrics associated with it might bear various names across different periods and regions worldwide. It’s important to note that the terms “silk” and “twill,” in any order, both indicate silk twill fabric. In other contexts, you might encounter terms such as “silk serge” or “silk sarcenet” used to describe silk twill or regarded as a specific type of silk twill.

What is Silk Twill Made of?

Silk twill is, of course, made of silk. The raw material used is silk fiber extracted from silkworm cocoons, which is then processed into strong and resilient yarn. Skilled artisans weave these yarns using a specialized technique known as twill weave on dedicated machines. 

In twill weave, the warp threads pass over two weft threads and then under one, or sometimes over two weft threads and then under one. This weaving pattern gives rise to the unique texture that characterizes silk twill fabric.

What are the Features of Silk Twill?

Renowned fashion brands and designers highly favor silk twill fabric, and it’s possible that you may have a silk twill scarf from Hermès or Dior in your wardrobe. But what sets silk twill apart? The answer lies in its exceptional performance.

Attractive Appearance

The uniqueness of silk twill goes beyond its distinct texture. It boasts a smooth and sophisticated appearance, with the diagonal pattern reflecting light to create elegant lines and a subtle luster. It exudes a gentle and beautiful allure.

Elegant Drape

Silk twill has a structured drape that naturally falls, imparting an exceptionally fluid and graceful look wherever it is worn. It helps conceal minor imperfections and enhances your overall appearance, elevating your presence with a more formal and professional ambiance.

Increased Strength

Silk fibers are among the strongest in the world. Through the twill weaving process, silk twill fabric gains higher strength and durability. It can withstand daily stretching and possesses wrinkle-resistant properties, alleviating concerns in your everyday life.

Natural Breathability

Silk has often been described as a fabric that breathes, emphasizing its exceptional ability to allow air to pass through. Silk twill, with its hollow natural fibers, creates an ideal environment for air circulation. As air flows, it effectively wicks away excess moisture from the body, contributing to the regulation of body temperature and enhancing overall comfort during use.

Vibrant Color Expression

Silk fibers possess excellent dye absorption, and you may have also noticed the textured features on the fabric’s surface, which enhance the dye absorption of silk twill. With the added subtle sheen from the diagonal texture, patterns come to life with increased vibrancy. Silk twill maintains its color brilliance even after washing, retaining its rich hue and luminosity.

Greater Versatility

Are you interested in experimenting with the endless possibilities of silk twill fabric? With the increased strength, it can cater to your diverse needs. Silk twill is not confined to specific occasions, fields, combinations, styles, or forms – it boasts a wide range of applications. With silk twill, you have a wealth of options at your disposal.

What is Silk Twill Used for?

The most common and well-known application of silk twill is undoubtedly scarves, but it also performs exceptionally well in other fields. Here are some typical examples:

Fashion Field

  • Scarves – Silk twill scarves come in various sizes and shapes, including long scarves, shawls, bandanas, and triangle scarves. The smooth and textured surface showcases vibrant colors and lovely patterns, accentuating your unique style.
  • Ties – Silk twill ties are structured and easy to shape. The fabric’s strength and texture give your tie a smooth, polished appearance that won’t appear limp from daily cleaning and wearing. Whether for formal occasions or professional attire, silk twill ties offer effortless versatility.
  • Sleep Masks – Made of silk twill fabric, sleep masks are highly durable and provide excellent light-blocking effects. Whether for home use or travel, they help you escape the interference of harsh light and ensure a more comfortable rest.
  • Clothing – Silk twill is commonly used to create garments for both men and women. Its expressive color range and ease of cutting and shaping allow countless designers to unleash their creativity. Shirts, dresses, pajamas, robes, and even evening gowns can be both beautiful and comfortable.
  • Lining – Compared to other silk fabrics, silk twill offers some wrinkle resistance and higher strength. As a result, it is an ideal choice for lining clothing, bags, and other products, providing protection without causing damage.

Home Décor Field

  • Bedding – Silk twill bedding is smooth and breathable, safeguarding your peaceful dreams from disturbances. Silk pillowcases are also beneficial for your skin and hair, reducing damage caused by excessive friction.
  • Curtains – Silk twill curtains create a private environment while elevating your decorative style, adding a touch of luxury to the ambiance.
  • Cushion Covers – In upscale interior design, using silk twill cushion covers can give your living space a sophisticated look, creating an elegant and refined personal style.

DIY Field

  • Painting – The expressive capability of silk twill makes it an excellent canvas for hand painting. It absorbs pigments quickly and maintains their longevity. Combining hand-painted designs with luxurious silk sounds like a fantastic collectible item. 
  • Embroidery – The smooth surface of silk twill provides a solid foundation for intricate embroidery. Embroidered patterns come to life against the backdrop of silk’s luster. If you’re an embroidery enthusiast, then you can’t miss it.

Practical Applications with Silk Twill

The mentioned applications are the directions in which you can utilize silk twill. Commonly available silk twill fabrics come in various thicknesses, ranging from lightweight to medium, such as 10/12/14/16/18/22 momme.

When purchasing and applying silk twill, do you have specific goals in mind? For instance, high-end silk scarves often use 18/22 momme silk twill fabric. If you feel unsure, please refer to the table below. As a professional silk fabric supplier, we have prepared some helpful suggestions for you:

Silk Scarf 14, 16, 18, 22 momme
Silk Tie 14, 16 momme
Silk Sleep Mask 16, 18, 22 momme
Silk Clothing 16, 18, 22 momme
Silk Pajama 16, 18, 22 momme
Silk Scrunchie 14, 16 momme
Silk Bedding 16, 18, 22 momme

Printing on Silk Twill

We already know that silk twill fabric offers excellent printing effects, but you may not be familiar with the suitable printing methods and important considerations. Would you like to hear from silk fabric experts? Please continue reading, and if possible, we hope you will share your ideas with us via email or by filling out a form.

Silk twill can achieve precise and vibrant patterns through digital printing and screen printing. Whether it’s landscapes, photographs, lines, geometric shapes, pets, or portraits, you can bring your desired designs to life on silk twill.

However, due to the fabric’s thickness, optimal pigment penetration can be challenging. Thicker silk twill fabrics may exhibit a phenomenon known as the “whiteboard” effect on the backside.

If you want both sides of the silk twill to showcase the same beauty, you can consider penetration treatment or digital double-sided printing. Now, you can discuss your silk twill printing requirements with your supplier, and we hope you achieve satisfactory results.

How to Care for Silk Twill?

Caring for silk twill is generally similar to caring for most silk fabrics. Don’t treat it casually just because you find it tedious, or you’ll end up with damaged silk twill. If you prefer a hassle-free approach, you can take it to a professional cleaning shop. If you want to do it yourself, please refer to our recommendations:

  1. Choose the washing method according to the care instructions, whether it’s machine wash, hand wash, or dry cleaning.
  2. It’s best to use a specialized silk cleanser. If you don’t have one, a mild detergent can be used.
  3. Wash with water that is not hotter than 30-40 degrees Celsius. Just kidding, you don’t have to actually use a thermometer to measure the temperature. It’s just that silk is sensitive to high temperatures and can be easily damaged. You can also use cold water directly.
  4. Avoid pouring the detergent directly onto the silk twill fabric, as it may cause fading. Instead, pour the detergent into the water first and then add your fabric.
  5. Avoid vigorous rubbing. If machine washing is allowed, use a gentle cycle.
  6. Wrap the fabric in a clean, absorbent towel to remove excess water by gently pressing. Lay it flat to air dry in a well-ventilated and cool place.

Is Silk Twill Washable?

This may seem like a silly question since we’ve already provided instructions on washing silk twill above. However, the purpose of including this question here is not just rhetorical. We want to remind you that silk twill may shrink after washing, with a shrinkage rate of about 4% to 5%.

Therefore, the most conservative approach is dry cleaning. Of course, you can also pre-shrink your silk twill – it’s up to you to decide.

Silk Twill vs Silk Satin: Which is Better?

When deciding between silk twill and silk satin, it ultimately boils down to personal preference and intended use.

If you prefer a fabric that is understated yet stylish, with enhanced structure and durability, silk twill is the optimal choice. Its unique texture differentiates it from silk satin. Silk twill offers superior shaping and a tailored feel.

If you desire a fabric that is more captivating, with a stronger sheen and superior draping, then silk satin is the ideal option. Its luxurious appearance adds a touch of opulence and exhibits exceptional fluidity and elegance.

Silk Twill vs Silk Crepe De Chine: Which is Better?

Similarly, the choice between silk twill and silk crepe de chine depends entirely on personal preferences.

The primary distinction lies in the surface texture. 

Silk twill showcases a diagonal weave pattern, making it more durable and offering a wider range of design possibilities. 

Silk crepe de chine features a subtle pebbled texture reminiscent of gentle ripples, creating a more dynamic and natural effect.


Is silk twill strong?

Yes, silk twill is considered a strong fabric among various silk fabrics. The twill weave structure enhances its structural integrity, making it resistant to deformation and providing some protection against regular wrinkling. However, it is still important to maintain silk twill with care to prevent unnecessary damage.

Is silk twill stretchy?

Silk twill has limited stretch, offering slight rebound or elasticity. This is due to its weave structure, which provides greater stability. If stretch is a desired feature for your project, you may need to consider fabrics specifically designed for stretching.

Is silk twill sheer?

Silk twill is not sheer. The twill weave gives the fabric a tight structure and provides better coverage. Unlike lightweight fabrics such as silk chiffon, silk twill has a more substantial weight. While some light-colored lightweight silk twill may have slight translucency, overall, it is considered opaque.

What does silk twill feel like?

When you touch silk twill fabric, you can experience the luxurious and soft texture of silk against your skin. Upon closer examination, you can feel the texture on the surface, enhancing its wonderful tactile quality. Overall, silk twill is renowned for its elegant and delicate feel, making it highly sought after in various industries.


You are now an expert in silk twill fabric. What do you think of silk twill? We value your insights and would love to hear from you. If you’re seeking a dependable supplier to bring your ideas to fruition, Sinosilk is the ideal choice. Our silk fabric factory ensures that every meter of fabric is meticulously crafted with 6A-grade mulberry silk and certified by the OEKO-TEX Standard.

Whether you require custom silk twill fabric, silk twill scarves, or other products, please contact us. We are committed to delivering premium-quality silk twill to meet your needs.

More Resources:

What is Twill – Source: Sinosilk

What is Satin – Source: Sinosilk

What is Silk – Source: Sinosilk

What is Silk Satin – Source: Sinosilk

What is Crepe Fabric – Source: Sinosilk

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